MAJOR COMMERCIAL CITIES: Aswan, Luxor, Alexandria, Sharm El Shaikh, and Hurghada
MAJOR INTERNATIONAL AIRPORTS: Cairo International Airport (CAI), Luxor International Airport (LXR), Borg El Arab International Airport (HBE), Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport (SSH)
MAJOUR SEAPORTS: Alexandria Port, El-Dekheila Port, Damietta Port, Port Said Port, East Port Said Port, Arish Port, Suez Port, Petroleum Dock Port, Adabiya Port, Nuwaiba Port, Al-Tour Port, Sharm El Sheikh Port, Hurghada Port, and Safaga Port
RAIL AND ROADWAYS: The Egyptian railway system is the oldest railway network in Africa and the Middle East. The first line between Alexandria and Kafer Eassa was opened in 1854. In 2018, the system is about 5,085 km long and is operated by the Egyptian National Railways. Cairo - Alexandria Desert Road: It runs between Cairo and Alexandria, with an extension of 215 km, it is the main motorway in Egypt.
International Coastal Road: It runs from Alexandria to Port Said, along the Northern Nile Delta. It has a length of 280 km. Also, amongst other cities, it connects Damietta and Baltim.
Geish Road: It runs between Helwan and Asyut, along the Nile River, also connecting Beni Suef and Minya. Its length is 306 km.
Ring Road: It serves as an inner ring-road for Cairo. It has a length of 103 km.
Regional Ring Road: It serves as an outer ring road for Cairo, also connecting its suburbs like Helwan and 10th of Ramadan City. Its length is 130 km.
EXPORT GOODS: consist of natural gas, and non-petroleum products such as ready-made clothes, cotton textiles, medical and petrochemical products, citrus fruits, rice and dried onion, and more recently cement, steel, and ceramics.
EXPORT PARTNERS: United States (7.2% of total exports), the United Arab Emirates (6.8%), Turkey (5.7%), Saudi Arabia (5.6%), Italy (5.5%) and the United Kingdom (5.1%).
IMPORT GOODS: mineral and chemical products (25 percent of total imports), agricultural products, livestock and foodstuff (24 percent, mainly wheat, maize and meat), machinery and electrical equipment (15 percent) and base metals (13 percent).
IMPORT PARTNERS: China ($12.5B), Russia ($5.46B), United States ($5.06B), Saudi Arabia ($5.05B), and Germany ($4.05B).